VMWare Snapshot Basics

The advent in virtualisation and snapshots  resulted in a exponential increase in lazy admins!

You really need to think before you snapshot!

A couple of good basic video tutorials on Snapshots

002 VMware Snapshot Basics

003 Snapshot Dangers

Takeaways from them

Snapshot is not a backup!

Data may of changed on the machine since the snapshot (just like a backup) or on a remote machine, your local machine relies on

Check the best practices for virtualisation of your applications and what the impact of reverting a snapshot will be!

Common Mistakes People Make Implementing Snapshots

Snapshots are fine when you know the application running on the server does not make changes to any data at any other location , or the data is not replicated off the server.

Here are a number of situations where you should NOT snapshot

Exchange 2013 and snapshots

Exchange 2013 does store some of its data in Active Directory. So if for example you are changing some feature in powershell (such as HTTP over RPC aka Outlook Anywhere) you really need to test the change on a test server first (preferably on a test domain) as if you revert the snapshot on the Exchange server, it does not undo the changes done in AD (funnily enough…)

Exchange Server 2013 Virtualization Best Practices video

Exchange 2013 on VMware Best Practices Guide pdf

Best Practices for Virtualizing and Managing Exchange 2013 pdf

Active Directory

USN rollback is when a domain controller is restored from backup or reverted from a snapshot

There is a good article here explaining it.

Short answer is never revert a snapshot or backup without really thinking about the resultant issues that may result

Application Server with remote database connection or some form of replication

A classic where would be upgrading an application server. It stores some information on the application server, but the majority in a remote SQL database. If your upgrade fails, without rollback of the application server and SQL Server information, you may get an inconsistency between what the application server is thinking is ok and what the SQL server thinks is OK. Always follow and verify the vendors backup and restore processes

Another classic here would be when you patch an exchange server with CCR.

 

 

 

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